An emaciated year-old Russian girl looks into the camera lens during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp in Dachau was the first German concentration camp, opened in More than , people were detained between and , and 31, deaths were declared, most from disease, malnutrition and suicide.
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View photos connected to the experiences of women during the Holocaust, as well as the important role women played in resistance activities. Anne Frank at 11 years of age, two years before going into hiding. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Gerda D. She was sterilized after a disputed diagnosis of schizophrenia. Later, Nazi authorities forbade Gerda to marry because of the sterilization. Emmi G. She was sterilized and sent to the Meseritz-Obrawalde euthanasia center where she was killed with an overdose of tranquilizers on December 7, Place and date uncertain. Jewish women and girls wearing the compulsory badge.
The experiences of women in the Second World War with sexualised violence show that some suffering was gender-specific. According to the sources, sexualised violence against Jewish women and girls was not a by-product of the war, but the war itself, organised and controlled by those who denied Jews their right to exist. The war-time Ukraine could serve as a focus and lens through which questions of sexual victimization and sexual agency of Jewish women during the Shoah could be studied. Sexual assault occurred in different locations, including Jewish homes, streets, and prisons, killing sites, and hiding places. In hundreds of ghettos and camps e. Sexual violence during the Holocaust in Ukraine, like everywhere in Nazi-dominated Europe, was gendered first of all in terms of sexes of the perpetrators and the victims.