Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Black women are disproportionately involved in the child welfare system. This state-level intervention occurs at two levels—a higher likelihood of being i screened for drug use during pregnancy and ii reported to child welfare authorities after delivery. Consequently, they face further enmeshment in state-systems, including custody loss and lower reunification odds. Using evidence from the past forty years of research and media reports, we argue that systemic forces and policies largely contribute to racial disproportionality in the child welfare system, and assert this state intervention serves as a mechanism to control black reproduction. State and social control of black reproduction in the United States has a history that can be traced back to slavery. Despite the abolition of slavery in the United States, state intervention in the lives of black women and their families persists in less overt forms today. Specifically, black women and their children born and unborn are disproportionately affected by the child welfare system CWS and also affected by punitive CWS policies.
Site Information Navigation
Eighties People pp Cite as. Presented in this way, these women had only two options: discontinue their drug use by entering a treatment program or being sent to jail , or have an abortion. The constitutional protections recently established in Roe v. Wade were already under virulent attack from ascendant prolife forces. In this, the crack baby scare was part of a larger conservative cultural offensive against the permissiveness of the s and s, of which drug experimentation was a major part. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Substance use during pregnancy and motherhood is both a public health and criminal justice concern. Negative health consequences associated with substance use impact both the mother and the developing fetus, and there are ongoing attempts to criminalize substance use during pregnancy that put pregnant substance-using women at risk of detection, arrest, and punishment. This study explored the experiences of substance-using mothers as they navigated health and criminal justice consequences and accessed needed resources in the community. In-depth life history interviews were conducted with 30 recently-pregnant women who had used alcohol or other drugs during their pregnancies.
Best wishes in whatever you decide. Secondly, if he's still in residency, he has to prevail and give it his all. But I was unusual in that I never really wanted to convert my husband I was worried I'd have to divorce him if he turned true Mormon and he didn't need me to believe way he does. MedPulse News App Stay on top of breaking news in your specialty and across medicine.